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The Rosemary
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The Rosemary

"You can write an entire book from the virtues of rosemary"

Description: The rosemary is a bush 0.5 to 1 m. large, although it can reach two meters, green all year round, with the young square stems and very blurred; but the gum is lost as it ages, as well as its machines, so that the old stems look unevenly plump and crisp. The leaves are born face to face and have a linear shape of 2 to 3 cm. long and about 3mm. wide, with twisted edges; the bundle of leaves is of a thick tomento that covers them. From these brief floriferous bouquets arise the encounters of the leaves with the stem. Each flower is composed of a bilabié calyx, about 5 mm. long, and a corolla, also bilabiate, of pale blue color, with elongated violet spots. They have two curved stamens almost glued by the anthers. The flavor of the leaves and flowering tops is intensely aromatic, powerful and a little spicy.

Blooms: Floreci for most of the year.

It grows on the slopes and hills of the lowlands, mainly on the land, the shrubs that followed its destruction, from the coast to 1500 m. It is found in most of Catalonia, in the Pyrenees, in Aragon and Navarre, Castillalencia, Murcia and Andalusia, in the Algarve, Extremadura, northern and northwestern parts of the peninsula. It also occurs in the Balearic and Pitiusas Islands.

Composition: The leaves and leaves of rosemary contain tannin, a bitter principle, 0.15% acid saponin and small amounts of glucoside. But most of its components, apart from a small amount of resin, is the essence of rosemary, which is obtained from the leaves and flower heads in varying quantities, depending on the locality in which it is grown and from the moment it is collected. In general, the leaves contain it in a proportion of 1.2 to 2%. It is a colorless liquid or slightly tinged between yellow and greenish, camphorous and bitter taste, with spices.

This essence is mainly composed of a-pinene, camphene, cineole, rosemary camphor and borneol. Depending on the period of the year, the composition of the gasoline also varies.

Virtues: Required to summarize the main properties of rosemary, indicating that it is stimulant, antispasmodic and slightly diuretic strong It also acts as a cholagogue, that is to say on the biliary secretion. Herbalists recommend it to "reduce blood".

Outside, it is used as a vulnerability and to fight against joint pain, as well as to soften the tired body against violent work or for having walked too much.

Usage: If the wound that rosemary does not heal is bad, we already understand that it must play a positive role as a vulnerable. To wash the wounds, the infusion is used flower heads, at a rate of one ounce per liter of boiling water. Wounds and wounds should be washed twice daily with this water, prepared each time. Then, the wound is covered with a small piece of sterile gauze, which is protected with cotton and a good dressing.

For external use, we also use alcohol or rosemary alcohol, which can be prepared with 10 gr. of gasoline and 1l. strong alcohol, 95º. This spirit is used to rub the painful parts or after a bath or a shower, these frictions leave a like new.

Those who wish to prepare this spirit of rosemary from the plant will take at least 9 or 10 ounces of flowering tops, as recent as possible, but very dry; and placed in a 2-liter bottle will add 1 liter of the same alcohol, 95 °, and will leave the leaves macerated during a novena, taking care to see it smoothly each day, after which the alcohol has passed through a filter paper or sneak through a canvas. This spirit contains less petrol than the previous one and a large amount of rosemary extracts extracted with alcohol; It has a deep greenish color and stains the fabrics with which the scrubs are made. But there are people who prefer to prepare it themselves with the rosemary sumidades also collected by themselves.

For internal use, the above-mentioned infusion is prepared in the proportion of 1 ounce rosemary tops per liter of boiling water. From this infusion, take 3 or 4 cups a day, before meals. Enjoy as a tonic and appetizer and to help cure jaundice.

Bibliography: PÍO FONT QUER: Medicinal Plants, Círculo de lectores, 1999.

sáb 20 jul 2019 20:21:39 CEST

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